Cross-sectoral collaboration was already in the very first Industrial workshop identified as one of the most promising and important topics for future policy options. In this Industry workshop the research area was identified, discussed and the clear necessity and potential for cross-sectoral collaboration for the European transport manufacturing industry was expressed by industry experts.1 In the second Industry workshop at the Through-Life-Engineering Service Conference this topic was further elaborated and barriers and opportunities of cross-sectoral collaboration were identified. In a concluding session, it was elaborated how policy framework, funding instruments and political initiatives foster cross-sectoral collaboration and which specific key aspects they should target on.2 The topic was also reflected in the expert survey with several specific questions3 and is reported in detail in D4.2 “Report on future perspectives regarding framework conditions for the European transport manufacturing industry.”
For automation technologies spanning from Driver Assistance Systems to the fully autonomous vehicle, are an essential research topic in all sectors. Irrespective of the branch, companies invest large amounts to achieve global technological leadership and try to make use of the opportunity to influence upcoming standards.
Digital transformation is one of the top priorities identified. Digital technology accelerates and enables new business models, creates new value through servitisation (adding a service to a product or replacing it), and rapidly increases innovation speed. Future challenges are e.g. proper data management, constant connectivity including communication channels and establishing a sufficient level of cyber-security.
Synergies in material research should be further intensified. There is a huge potential to optimize the development of materials as well as the production processes themselves.
Efficient and effective knowledge-sharing between different industry sectors is still not sufficiently institutionalized yet and many companies (especially SMEs) are more or less silo-oriented. Potential for knowledge transfer considers topics like best practices, methodologies, applications, processes and technologies.
The environmentally sustainable approach to effectively and holistically consider all utilized resources for the whole lifecycle including the design phase via manufacturing, usage, repair and recycling is getting more and more in the focus of attention. This is mainly due to environmental aspects and sustainable approaches all around the globe.
The considered industry segments follow diverging time lines for the qualification and implementation of new manufacturing technologies. This issue becomes a little weaker with Service Innovations in the ICT area, but still holds true for general technology developments.
Different regulations massively impede collaborative structures between companies and academia working in different industry sectors. This is due to their high complexity, gaps between Technology Readiness Levels or sector-specific industry standards.
Although various papers and approaches proclaim Multimodality or Mobility-on-Demand as essential aspects for the future, most of the work procedures and established value chains are still more or less silo-oriented.
Different working environments, skill requirements and labour conditions become manifest in a fundamental diverging working culture, language and atmosphere which hinders an efficient collaboration across industry sectors.
Concluding the above, there is a strong necessity to work across sectors in the future. To achieve this, suitable funding and policy instruments need to be established, such as the creation of a cross-modal European Technology Platform to foster European R&D&I. It is seen as desirable for increasing the future competitiveness in the industry and for achieving cross-sectoral collaboration, strategic partnerships are the preferred industrial collaboration model.